Monday, May 25, 2020

Thirteen Rules of Basketball - James Naismith

Basketball is an original American game invented by Dr. James Naismith in 1891. He designed it with rules of its own. These are the rules published in January 1892 in the school newspaper where he instituted the game. The rules set out a game that is a non-contact sport played indoors. They are familiar enough that those who enjoy basketball over 100 years later will recognize it as the same sport. While there are other, newer rules, these still form the heart of the game. Original 13 Rules of Basketball by James Naismith 1. The ball may be thrown in any direction with one or both hands.Current rule: This is still a current rule, except that now the team isnt allowed to pass it back over the midcourt line once they have taken it over that line. 2. The ball may be batted in any direction with one or both hands, but never with the fist.Current rule: This is still a current rule. 3. A player cannot run with the ball. The player must throw it from the spot on which he catches it, allowance to be made for a man running at good speed.Current rule: Players can dribble the ball with one hand as they run or pass, but they cant run with the ball when catching a pass. 4.  The ball must be held by the hands. The arms or body must not be used for holding it.Current rule: Still applies, it would be a traveling violation. 5.  No shouldering, holding, pushing, striking or tripping in any way of an opponent. The first infringement of this rule by any person shall count as a foul; the second shall disqualify him until the next goal is made or, if there was evident intent to injure the person, for the whole of the game. No substitution shall be allowed.Current rule: These actions are fouls and a player may be disqualified with five or six fouls or get an ejection or suspension with a flagrant foul. 6.  A foul is striking at the ball with the fist, violations of Rules 3 and 4 and such as described in Rule 5.Current rule: Still applies. 7.  If either side makes three consecutive fouls it shall count as a goal for the opponents (consecutive means without the opponents in the meantime making a foul).Current rule: Instead of an automatic goal, sufficient team fouls (five in a quarter for NBA play) now award bonus free throws attempts to the opposing team. 8.  A goal shall be made when the ball is thrown or batted from the grounds into the basket and stays there, providing those defending the goal do no touch or disturb the goal. If the ball rests on the edges, and the opponent moves the basket, it shall count as a goal.Current rule: In the original game, the basket was a basket and not a hoop with a net. This rule evolved into the goaltending and defense pass interference rules. Defenders cant touch the rim of the hoop once the ball has been shot. 9.  When the ball goes out of bounds, it shall be thrown into the field and played by the first person touching it. In case of dispute the umpire shall throw it straight into the field. The thrower-in is allowed five seconds. If he holds it longer, it shall go to the opponent. If any side persists in delaying the game, the umpire shall call a foul on them.Current rule: The ball is now thrown in by a player from the opposite team of the player who last touched it before it went out of bounds. The 5-second rule is still operative. 10. The umpire shall be the judge of the men and shall note the fouls and notify the referee when three consecutive fouls have been made. He shall have the power to disqualify men according to Rule 5.Current rule: In NBA basketball, there are three referees. 11.  The referee shall be the judge of the ball and shall decide when the ball is in play, in bounds, to which side it belongs, and shall keep the time. He shall decide when a goal has been made and keep account of the goals, with any other duties that are usually performed by a referee.Current rule: Timekeepers and scorekeepers now do some of these tasks, while the referee determines ball possession. 12. The time shall be two fifteen-minute halves, with five minutes rest between.Current rule: This varies by the level of play, such as high school and collegiate. In the NBA, there are four quarters, each 12 minutes long, with a 15-minute halftime break. 13. The side making the most goals in that time shall be declared the winner.  Current: The winner is now decided by points. In the NBA, five-minute overtime periods are played in case of a tie at the end of the fourth quarter, with the point total at the end determining the winner. If still tied, they play another overtime period. More: The History of Basketball and Dr. James Naismith

Friday, May 15, 2020

Case Study Alzheimer’S Disease. Mary Wipf. Phgy 220- Gerald

Case Study: Alzheimer’s Disease Mary Wipf PHGY 220- Gerald McGraw April 2, 2017 In the world, there are new cases of dementia for somewhere between 10 and 15 people per 1000. Five to eight per 1000 are cases of Alzheimer’s. Dementia is a term that simply defines a mentally deteriorated condition. Alzheimer’s is a type of dementia. Alzheimer’s disease is a chronic, progressive neurodegenerative disease and is the most common cause of dementia in older people. Alzheimer’s is a disease of the brain and it has little impact on the body beyond what happens as an indirect result of behavior associated with the disease. Because it is often secondary results of Alzheimer’s Disease that cause death, such as pneumonia and†¦show more content†¦Genetics are believed to play a part in being susceptible to getting Alzheimer’s disease. As Elaine Marieb and Katja Hoehn write, â€Å"One form of Alzheimer’s disease is caused by an inherited mutation in the gene for APP, which suggests that too much beta-amyloid may be tox ic† (416). Other factors believed to be contributing to getting Alzheimer’s disease are high blood pressure, head injuries, and depression. Alzheimer’s disease is not contagious and therefore is not communicable disease. Initial signs and symptoms are rather mild during the early stages. It might not be noticeable at first. They are not exactly the same for everyone, but most people have difficulty learning new things and recalling pieces of new information. As it progresses, victims of the disease forget more and more information. They struggle to communicate and travel as they’re increasingly unable to remember important information needed for these functions. In the latest stages, Alzheimer’s patients lose even more of their memory, which makes it hard for them to perform even the most basic functions, such as walking and eating. They have difficulty sleeping, they get agitated, they hallucinate, and they have to be helped in almost any and all endeavors, even to the most basic of functions. (this paragraph all from https://www.alzheimers.org.uk/info/20007/types_of_dementia/2/alzheimers_disease/2) Currently, treatment of the disease consists of maintaining mental functions and managing behavioral

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Importance of the First Two Scenes in King Lear

The Importance of the First Two Scenes in King Lear King Lear, as I see it, confronts the perplexity and mystery of human action. (Shakespeares Middle Tragedies, 169) As the previous quotation from the scriptures of Maynard Mack implies, King Lear is a very complex and intricate play which happens to be surrounded by a lot of debate. The folio of 1623, which was, as is well known, edited by two of Shakespeares fellow actors (Notes and Essays on Shakespeare, 242), contains not only historical errors, but errors which pertain to certain characters speaking other characters lines. Amidst all the controversy one fact can be settled upon by all; King Lear is one of Shakespeares best tragedies.†¦show more content†¦The fact that the two most important pieces of plot information are structuralized in the two opening scenes of the play add a profound amount of credit towards Marilyn Frenchs opinion that everything about the play hangs on the first two scenes. The plot of King Lear is not the only part of the play that rests on the first two scenes. An enormous amount of the dialogue is specifically used to reveal the values and morals of each character. It is very important to know the values that each character has in order to have a greater understanding of why the play unfolds the way it does. For example, it would be hard to believe that Goneril and Reagan could be so contemptible to their own father, without the incident in the first scene where both Goneril and Reagan show that they are morally corrupt, by making exaggerated claims of love and devotion to their father. The first scene plays a huge role in disclosing the views of Lear, Goneril, Reagan, and Cordelia while the second scene exposes Edmund for what he really is. The views of King Lear himself are more apparent in the first scene than the views of any other character. When the play starts out, Lear is very much in control of his kingdom but the very first scene gives us a hint of how Lear is going to loseShow MoreRelatedImportance of Self Knowledge and Forgiveness in King Lear Essay1215 Words   |  5 PagesThe importance of self-knowledge and forgiveness is strikingly obvious in the play King Lear. If we accept that the two characters most lacking in self-knowledge are Lear and Gloucester, we can examine how the importance of this quality for them is shown in the play. Whilst these two characters lack self-knowledge, the world around them quickly deteriorates. As a result of their lack of insight, evil is given space to breed and take over, and Lear and Gloucester are forced to suffer as â€Å"love coolsRead MoreEssay foolear Importance of the Fool in Shakespeares King Lear1195 Words   |  5 PagesImportance of the Fool in King Lear    William Shakespeares genius came from how closely he intertwined the two seemingly mutually exclusive realms to appeal to all socio-economic groups in his audience. The character of the Fool provides the closest intercourse of the two realms between King Lears royalty and Poor Toms poverty, while still maintaining their separation. The Fools role in King Lear was to counteract the Kings follies in order to bring him to his senses. With his honestyRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s King Lear971 Words   |  4 PagesKing Lear Exam Question In all genres there are stereotypical elements. This academic essay will outline the importance and effect of the elements of dramatic tragedy within the given passage from King Lear, and how this is significant and develops an understanding in the audience towards the play as a whole. The passage given comes from Act 1; Scene 1 of ‘King Lear’. This initial scene is what would be called the ‘initiation of tragedy’ in this context as it supplies the tragic hero; in this caseRead More The Importance of the Earl of Kent in Shakespeares King Lear1487 Words   |  6 PagesThe Importance of the Earl of Kent in King Lear   Ã‚   The Earl of Kent plays a small but important part in Shakespeares play King Lear. From the beginning scenes to the end we see a minor character that is used to show the values that Shakespeare believed in. Whether Kent is an example of the dutiful servant or plays the intermediary between Lear and Cordelia he is essential to the functioning of the plot.    The role of Kent is important because of the use Shakespeare has for his characterRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Othello And Timon Of Athens1259 Words   |  6 PagesOf the many people to have critiqued King Lear, A.C. Bradley arguably does the most through job as seen in Lecture VII and VIII of his work Shakespearean Tragedy. In Lecture VII, Bradley begins by discussing the similarities King Lear has to Shakespeare’s other works including Othello and Timon of Athens (245-246). For instance, in Othello, Iago reminds of Edmund and Othello’s trickery reminds us of the deceitfulness of Gloucester. Additionally, the scene where Othello watched Iago and CassioRead MoreFool in William Shakespeares King Lear Essay1119 Words   |  5 PagesFool in William Shakespeares King Lear The Fool’s function in King Lear is to create emphasis on the tragedy in the play and give insight into the characters’ true nature. He shows other characters’ nature though blunt comments and earns himself the name of ‘all-licensed Fool’, as he clearly states peoples’ inner personality. He develops the tragedy though a theme of madness and instability, from his use of poems and rhymes intermingled with standard prose, Read MoreThe Tragedy Of King Lear Essay1745 Words   |  7 PagesIn William Shakespeare’s play The Tragedy of King Lear, human suffering is exploited through exploring social destruction caused by love, lust, and loss. King Lear’s kingdom is broken down through the excess of love and hate. Behaviors resulting from such emotions becomes tragic flaws for the characters within the play, as the need for approval disrupts all natural social order, which is then represented by the natural world. The natural world and nature of society become intertwined as the plotRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s King Lear1550 Words   |  7 PagesINTRODUCTION: By facilitating the growth of evil within William Shakespeare’s King Lear, it is evident that the tragedy’s protagonist, King Lear can be held accountable for his own victimization and ultimate downfall. The most notable aspects of this self-induced victimization include Lear’s own lack of practical wisdom and divergence from the natural order, combined with the neglect of kingship, that enables Lear as a tragic hero to create the conceptual framework in which the ulterior motives ofRead MoreEssay about Critical Study of Shakespeares King Lear1272 Words   |  6 PagesCritical Study of Shakespeares King Lear In this production of Shakespeares King Lear, a feminist reading of the play has been chosen to be presented to the audience. Certain important factors must be taken into consideration as to how this reading will be reflected on stage. Thus, we will examine, in detail, two important scenes: Act I, scene i, and Act IV, scene iv, their impact on the action and main issues of the play (ambition/ greed, power, corruption, appearanceRead MoreTheme Of Family In King Lear858 Words   |  4 Pages Family In this paper, I will discuss the importance of family in the story of King Lear, written by the wonderful playwright William Shakespeare. I believe that the message of this book is based upon family. The writer is telling us the true inner workings of a family. In most families, you have those who are loyal until the end such as Kent, Edgar, and Cordelia. However, you also have those who are highly deceitful such as Edmund, Goneril, and Regan. My honest opinion is that Shakespeare explains

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Trait Emotional Intelligence and Leadership †MyAssignmenthelp.com

Question: Discuss about the Trait Emotional Intelligence and Leadership. Answer: Introduction: The main argument in this article is that in order to adapt to the complex variables and balance the cultural diversity in an environment, the leaders has to become flexible to the context. According to the author of this article, there are different leadership style for different context and but the situation model of leadership is adaptable to any situation. This means that leader deals with the situation based on the way situation arrives. The article also indicates that in other leadership style, the leader plays the role of motivating others to get the job done but it remains difficult for leaders to connect to people with his/her style. For example, in autocratic leadership, leaders often find it difficult to manage the situation, due to poor understanding of the situation caused by lack of communication. Thereby, Doyle and Hungerford (2015) arguably mentioned that situational model of leadership is appropriate because here the leaders communicate with others and adapt to the s ituation to achieve the goals. In addition, in order to achieve the ultimate goals, the leaders react to the context the way it demands. Another significant argumentative point in the article is that author claims that in other leadership style, the leaders follow a particular style and set of principles to gain the outcome but in Situational leadership, the leaders create new principles that are relevant to situation only. The reader of this article need to be aware of the fact that such situational leadership style can be applied to some particular situations only such as the Australian context where the indigenous people are reluctant to follow particular principles of one individual. Thus, to gain the outcome, leaders develop their principles the way people want it. Another fact is that the article considers only one situation- a mental health nurse but to rely on authors statement, a few more situations or context required. The article did not provide any data where it is proved that other leadership style are not appropriate for indigenous people in Australia. On the other side, the article did not provide any particular method or activity that leader applied and derived the desired outcome. So it can be assumed that if the sample size involves a few more but different types of population, the result could be different.The author conducted the research to identify how a situational model of leader ship can resolve the issues such as addressing the complex needs such as mental health, self-harm and violence of indigenous people in Australia. The author uses qualitative research method where one particular respondent was involved to collect feedback and examine the issue. With the help of a narrative research approach, the author used the personal reflection to identify the issues. The research questions cover the leadership skills and type of leadership required. Particular, the author used spoken words, storytelling method and visual presentation. The narrative research approach used in the article by the validation of the audience and the method is appropriate because it is a significant part of social science investigation. However, this method may not always stand alone for evidence and support for the support of implication of the research because this method has to be accepted on its own merit such as the individual experience.The ultimate finding of the article helps to state that when a context of indigenous people requires the need for adoption to complex variables and balance of cultural diversity, leadership style must include an extending focus of mindfulness. The findings also imply that there could many situations with varied context, and to deal those different contexts, different leadership style should be implemented. The study particularly discovered that leadership, especially in the indigenous perspective, should be acceptable and owned by both the leader and the people living in the communities in Australia. The findings assure that such leadership style is suitable for the betterment of indigenous people in Australia and even it is appropriate for all who follow indigenous culture. Finally, it can be concluded when a situation consists of complex issues, the need for cultural diversity and social expectation, the leadership style should be flexible to both the people around the leader and the leader himself/herself. Identifying and discussing main ideas in this article relevant to themes The idea gained from this article is how leadership can be developed and applied to resolve issues and bring situation under control. Theme was to resolve the issues such as complex variables, maintaining diversity and other issues in the indigenous community in Australia. Thus, to deal with situation, the idea of discussing different leadership style and then applying a suitable one, which is relevant to the context, is appropriate. Another idea gained from this article is how leadership is important for smaller organizational context such as motivation. Furthermore, it is also observed that situational consideration and core beliefs can influence a leadership style in the work context. The core idea associated with aim of the research is how leadership can contribute to the betterment of any complex context including the workplace or the community. The article entirely focused on the fact that how indigenous leadership can be helpful for future leaders when they are dealing with a complex situation of managing people. So, the theme was to identify the importance of leadership in organizational context and how leadership can be enhanced to overcome the situational challenges. The idea provided in the article indicates that leadership style can be developed by incorporating culture and beliefs into the approaches. For example, if a manager of Coles in Australia is sent to a Middle East nation, where the company operates. Several issues such as cultural differences, work habit and timing could be different in the host nation from Australia. In such context, the manager or leader cannot just command people to get the work done. Here, the leader has to embrace the culture and trends of that particular region in Middle East. The leader must show that he/she respects and values the regional culture. Understanding the culture, trends, beliefs, the leader has to develop principles of work that are acceptable to the people work there for the company.The real management dilemma and problems are usually dynamic but an organization could face the issue of racial discrimination, workplace diversity where people do not say or do things that against their culture and belief. The organization could face the issue where the employees do not find the leadership comfortable. In such context, leadership values, ethics and beliefs should be incorporated or aligned with the belief and culture that people working in the organization follow. Such practice makes people understand that their organization values their opinions and beliefs; So, employee develop a sense of trust on the leaders and their leadership style. In order to deal with any complex situation in the workplace, it is always mandatory for the leaders to understand the needs of that particular such as what the situation actually demands. Likewise, based on the type of situation, the leadership should react or develop their leadership principle. For example, an autocratic leadership style may not be suitable for situations where people of different cultural background work together. In such situation, the leader has to develop a healthy communication with the people. Thereby, the people at the workplace understand that their leader is supportive, approachable and respect other belief.Indirect Quote: Threshold of emotion-based self-evaluation required for holding managerial positions is specifically high for women; the women with high emotional self-perception could pursue managerial profession (Siegling, Nielsen Petrides, 2014, p.67)Direct Quote: In their research title Emotional intelligence, leadership effectiveness, and team out comes Melita Prati, Douglas, Ferris, Ammeter and Buckley (2003, p.23) asserted that In addition to the changes in leader roles, employees have been placed in positions of self-management, and are held directly accountable for their performance. Many are required to work in teams in order to accomplish complex organizational objectives. References Siegling, A. B., Nielsen, C., Petrides, K. V. (2014). Trait emotional intelligence and leadership in a European multinational company.Personality and Individual Differences,65, 65-68. Melita Prati, L., Douglas, C., Ferris, G. R., Ammeter, A. P., Buckley, M. R. (2003). Emotional intelligence, leadership effectiveness, and team outcomes. The International Journal of Organizational Analysis, 11(1), 21-40. Doyle, K. and Hungerford, C., 2015. Leadership as a personal journey: An indigenous perspective.Issues in mental health nursing,36(5), pp.336-345

Sunday, April 12, 2020

How to Define an Essay

What is an essay? The term â€Å"essay† was introduced in the 16th  century by writer Michel de Montaigne. Since then, many bright minds tried to give a precise definition to this literary form but no universal variant was formulated yet.The reason for that is the slippery nature of this type of writing, which appears to be in a shapeless form with a loose structure and a vast variety of subjects that may be covered.An essay can be informal, relaxed and humorous. It can also be formal, impersonal and even dogmatic.The voice of each piece of writing, its fictional qualities and the reader’s role may vary drastically.Each writer treats an essay as a literary form, which is to be shaped according to his unique vision.Usually, this composition is brief but again, due to the flexible nature, some essays can be quite voluminous.The five-paragraph structure is most preferable. Yet, the number of paragraphs can be increased until the point when the author manages to convey the main message.The essay may be written in the first-person point of view (I, ours, mine) but third-person (people, he, she) is preferable in most academic papers.The majority of texts composed in this literary genre is written in prose but there are pieces of writing in verse that are also called essays.How famous writers describe an essayInterestingly, each essayist has his own definition of what an essay is.Aldous Huxley: One damned thing after another. A literary device for saying almost everything about almost anything.Francis Bacon: â€Å"Dispersed meditations.†Samuel Johnson: Loose sally of the mind. An irregular, indigested piece, not a regular and orderly performance.Edward Hoagland: Greased pig.George Dillon: Attempts to convince the reader that its model of experience of the world is valid.Yoshida KenkÃ… : Nonsensical thoughts written in idle hours.The purpose of an essayAn essay is truly versatile and can be effectively utilized in many settings. It can easily be used as the follo wing pieces of writings:literary criticismpolitical manifestsdiscussionsobservationsrecollectionsreflectionsIn many countries, essays became a major part of the educational system. Evaluation of the writing skills is used to assess the performance of students in almost all educational establishments worldwide. The number of academic essay types is impressive. To name a few, students are required to write the following literary forms:expository essaydescriptive essayargumentative essaynarrative essayreflective essayprocess essaycause and effect essaycompare and contrast essayclassification and division essayHistory can be studied and may be better understood through essays written by different authors from the past and theorists in the present.What’s more, the concept of an â€Å"essay† has been now used in other media, which does not imply writing. For example, the phrase â€Å"film essay† sounds natural in the filmmaking industry as much as the phrase â€Å"ph otographic essay† in a photographic environment.As we can see, the nature of an essay is vague but generally, it may be defined as a literary piece of writing the central idea behind which is a self-expression of the author.If you feel like you’re struggling with writing your own essay, contact us and get your paper written by a professional essay writing service. Make your life easier and more fun!

Tuesday, March 10, 2020

Getting Published on Kindle

Getting Published on Kindle Getting Published on Kindle Getting Published on Kindle By Simon Kewin Getting your work published onto Amazon’s Kindle eReader is really very easy.   Perhaps you’re a writer interested in self-publishing some of your work. Or you might simply want to learn more about the ePublishing revolution and how to get involved. In either case, doing so is actually very straightforward. Since January this year, Amazon’s Digital Text Platform (DTP) has been available in all countries, allowing you to upload your work and publish it in Amazon’s Kindle store. And since there are estimated to be 1.5 million Kindles in use, this represents a large potential market.   To get started you just need a standard customer Amazon account. You sign in with this at the DTP site and from there start uploading. You provide your manuscript in Microsoft Word or HTML format and Amazon will automatically convert it into the format used by the Kindle. You also need to provide some extra information about your work : title, description, language, keywords, categories, price, publishing date   and so forth. You also have the option of providing some cover artwork, which is recommended as it will make your published work much more eye-catching.   The whole process of providing these details is slick and friendly. There is also a lot of help available if you get stuck, in the form of FAQs and forums. You don’t have to get everything right first time. You can preview what you’ve uploaded, tweak things and then, when you’re happy with everything, click Publish. Doing so costs you nothing – although Amazon will take a cut of any sales you make.   It can take a day or two for your work to finally appear in the Amazon store, but once it’s there customers can start buying it for their Kindles. Each work gets its own page on the Amazon site, complete with all the usual options such as reader reviews and ratings.   In fact, publishing your work onto the Kindle is the easy part. The hard part is attracting potential readers to your work. Amazon’s system helps in that the description and categories you provide make it easier for potential readers to find you. However, to attract many readers, you will have to put effort into publicizing your work yourself.   Whether or not â€Å"self-publishing† (or, as some prefer to call it, â€Å"indie publishing†) like this is a sensible move for you as a writer is something only you can decide. You should be aware that a conventional publisher probably wouldn’t be interested in handling a book that has already been self-published in this way as first publication rights wouldn’t be available. But you might think it’s worthwhile to self-publish some pieces of work in the hope of building up a readership interested in finding out more about you and your other work.    This article only covers the Amazon Kindle and there are, of course, other eReaders out there (the iPhone, for instance). There are other services on the web, similar to Amazon’s, that allow you to self-publish your work for these other devices. But Amazon’s DTP provides a good place to start if you’re interested in exploring the world of ePublishing. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Freelance Writing category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:English Grammar 101: All You Need to KnowHow to spell "in lieu of"Kn- Words in English

Sunday, February 23, 2020

Nonverbal behaviour Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Nonverbal behaviour - Essay Example Eye contact is a non-verbal behavior that is important in our culture and other because it confirms a person’s credibility. Eye contact is a non-verbal behavior that could indicate love, hostility or friendliness towards another individual. Hence, the way a person makes eye contact may indicate his intentions, which may be good or bad.  The non-verbal behavior that I once violated was eye contact; it was when I was dropped out of school, it was very difficult for me to make an eye contact to my family that includes my parents’ and siblings. When I initiated conversation with my parents’ and siblings telling them about the school incident, I was continuously staring at the ground without making any eye contact due to fear and confusion. The responses I expect from my family vary a lot. My parent’s reaction was different as compared to my siblings. My parents were angry and sad, but my siblings found my behavior funny or full of lies. Hence, I got two diff erent reactions from my family. According to the expectancy violation theory, no verbal communication is the exchange of messages, which can violate the expectation of another individual, which can be taken negatively depending on the strength of ratio ship between the two people who are communicating. Thus, through my behavior I do violate the expectations of my parents and siblings. As a result, of my attitude, the outcome of my communication is perceived negatively. Because, â€Å"we learn what we consider being appropriate through our interactions with others and our culture"(Burgoon, 1993). Eye gaze is one of the most important variables in American as well as, other cultures. Eye contact is considered bad between a boy and a girl in many societies; however, in some cultures it is regarded as highly offensive if a person does not make an eye contact during a conversation. Consequently, this rule varies from culture to culture. A person working for a business should possess str ong non verbal communication skills, or it will be regarded as highly inappropriate. In the similar way, if we do not make eye contact with our teachers at school or college level, it will be regarded as a sign of weakness in a person’s personality. Eye contact is a strong way of communicating, a quick glance and an aggressive stare both are form of eye contacts but send different messages. One should be extremly careful as to when, how and where to use eye gaze as different cultures perceive it differently and could build a lot of misunderstanding between people. In business, one should not continuously stare another person while talking, instead staring, nodding and smiling would send appropriate messages to a business partner. Moreover, blinking fast and not making a proper eye contact could show feelings of nervousness and lack of confidence. Furthermore, in our culture long and stern stares send messages of animosity and hostility. In the same way, staring a stranger in some European countries is depicted as showing interest; on the other hand, in our society it would be taken as being disrespectful. In Asian countries in particular, brief eye contact is acceptable especially while talking to teachers, parents or business environments it shows kindness and respectfulness. Similarly, in Muslim cultures, communicating with a lower eye gaze is